Jonasz Słomka

LaTeX: Jonasz S\l{}omka

ETH Zürich
Institute of Environmental Engineering
Stefano-Franscini-Platz 5, HIL G33.3
8093 Zürich
Switzerland

email: jslomka "at" ethz.ch

I am a junior group leader (SNF Ambizione Fellow) in the Institute of Environmental Engineering at ETH Zürich. Previously, I was a post-doctoral fellow at ETH Zürich with Roman Stocker, and before that, I completed my PhD in Physical Applied Mathematics at MIT with Jörn Dunkel.

I am interested in BioEncounters - encounters between microorganisms in space and time. By combining experimental, computational and mathematical approaches, I aim to quantify BioEncounters and how they mediate biophysical and ecological interactions.

I am currently looking for a PhD student to work on quantifying bacterial encounters.

Short bio (click here for my full CV):

  • since 2021, Junior Group Leader (SNF Ambizione Fellow), ETH Zürich, Switzerland
  • 2018 - 2021, ETH Postdoctoral Fellow, ETH Zürich, Switzerland
  • 2013 - 2018, PhD in Physical Applied Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
  • 2012 - 2013, Master of Advanced Study in Mathematics (Part III), University of Cambridge, UK
  • 2008 - 2012, Master of Physics, University of Oxford, UK

Research

Marine snow formation by elongated phytoplankton

Keywords: biological pump, marine snow, encounter rates between sinking rods, collision kernels

Marine microorganisms control the global biogeochemistry of the oceans through interactions between individual cells, as prominently exemplified by marine snow formation by elongated phytoplankton following a phytoplankton bloom. A variety of physical mechanisms can drive these interactions, including diffusion, active swimming, gravitational settling and turbulent mixing, and the concept of encounter rates provide a unifying framework to describe them. However, the corresponding collision kernels, which map the physical mechanisms to the frequency of encounters, have been traditionally computed for spherical particles. To close this gap, we recently described the impact of elongation on marine snow formation. We derived the collision kernels between identical and dissimilar rods settling in a quiescent fluid and showed that marine snow formation by elongated phytoplankton can proceed efficiently even under quiescent conditions and that the resulting coagulation dynamics can lead to periodic bursts in the concentration of marine snow particles.

Encounter rates between bacteria and sinking particles

Keywords: microbial ecology, marine snow, encounter rates, hydrodynamic focusing and screening, microswimmers in flow

The ecological interaction between bacteria and sinking particles, such as bacterial degradation of marine snow particles, is regulated by their encounters. We analytically and numerically quantified the encounter rate between sinking particles and non-motile or motile micro-organisms in the ballistic regime, explicitly accounting for the hydrodynamic shear created by the particle and its coupling with micro-organism shape. We complemented results with selected experiments on non-motile diatoms. Our results indicate that shear, which leads to hydrodynamic focusing and screening in the bacterium-particle system, should be taken into account to predict the interactions between bacteria and sinking particles responsible for the large carbon flux in the ocean's biological pump.

Spontaneous mirror symmetry breaking in 3D active fluids

Keywords: active fluids, active turbulence, helicity, inverse energy cascade, triadic interactions

Turbulence provides an important mechanism for energy redistribution and mixing in interstellar gases, planetary atmospheres, and the oceans. Classical turbulence theory suggests for ordinary 3D fluids or gases, such as water or air, that larger vortices can transform into smaller ones but not vice versa, thus limiting energy transfer from smaller to larger scales. Our calculations predict that bacterial suspensions and other pattern-forming active fluids can deviate from this paradigm by creating turbulent flow structures that spontaneously break mirror symmetry. These results imply that the collective dynamics of swimming microorganisms can enhance fluid mixing more strongly than previously thought.

Anomalous chained turbulence in actively driven flows on spheres

Keywords: active fluids, active turbulence, anomalous upward energy transfer in 2D turbulence

Recent experiments demonstrate the importance of substrate curvature for actively forced fluid dynamics. Yet, the covariant formulation and analysis of continuum models for nonequilibrium flows on curved surfaces still poses theoretical challenges. Here, we introduced and studied a generalized covariant Navier-Stokes model for fluid flows driven by active stresses in nonplanar geometries. The analytical tractability of the theory was demonstrated through exact stationary solutions for the case of a spherical bubble geometry. Direct numerical simulations revealed a curvature-induced transition from a burst phase to an anomalous turbulent phase that differs distinctly from externally forced classical 2D Kolmogorov turbulence. The coherent motion of the vortex chain network provides an efficient mechanism for upward energy transfer from smaller to larger scales, presenting an alternative to the conventional energy cascade in classical 2D turbulence.

Reduction of viscosity and inertia in active fluids

Keywords: active fluids, active fluid-structure interactions, viscosity reduction, Stokes' second problem

We investigated flow pattern formation and viscosity reduction mechanisms in active fluids by studying a generalized Navier-Stokes model that captures the experimentally observed bulk vortex dynamics in microbial suspensions. We presented exact analytical solutions including stress-free vortex lattices and introduced a computational framework that allows the efficient treatment of higher-order shear boundary conditions. Large-scale parameter scans identified the conditions for spontaneous flow symmetry breaking, geometry-dependent viscosity reduction, negative-viscosity states amenable to energy harvesting in confined suspensions and reduction of inertia in active fluids coupled to external pendulum. The theory uses only generic assumptions about the symmetries and long-wavelength structure of active stress tensors, suggesting that inviscid phases and reduction of inertia may be achievable in a broad class of nonequilibrium fluids by tuning confinement geometry and pattern scale selection.

Publications

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