# On the spectral form factor for random matrices

Giorgio Cipolloni, László Erdős, Dominik Schröder

Comm. Math. Phys.Vol. 401 (2023)

## Summary

In the physics literature the spectral form factor (SFF), the squared Fourier transform of the empirical eigenvalue density, is the most common tool to test universality for disordered quantum systems, yet previous mathematical results have been restricted only to two exactly solvable models. We rigorously prove the physics prediction on SFF up to an intermediate time scale for a large class of random matrices.## Abstract

In the physics literature the spectral form factor (SFF), the squared Fourier transform of the empirical eigenvalue density, is the most common tool to test universality for disordered quantum systems, yet previous mathematical results have been restricted only to two exactly solvable models [Forrester 2020]. We rigorously prove the physics prediction on SFF up to an intermediate time scale for a large class of random matrices using a robust method, the multi-resolvent local laws. Beyond Wigner matrices we also consider the monoparametric ensemble and prove that universality of SFF can already be triggered by a single random parameter, extending the recently proven Wigner-Dyson universality [Cipolloni, Erdős, Schröder 2021] to some larger spectral scales. Remarkably, extensive numerics indicates that our formulas correctly predict the SFF in the entire slope-dip-ramp regime, as customarily called in physics.